Delta 3D Printer VS Cartesian: Which One Should You Choose?

Before you go on full-time launch mode into the world of 3D printing, there’s a critical mission you have to accomplish first. Trust me; it’s not a difficult task at all. You only need to figure out the kind of result you seek. Once that mission is accomplished, buying a 3D printer should be easy now.

The thing about 3D printers is that they don’t all deploy the same technology. While some use Stereolithography (SLA), or the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), others use the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS). All in all, you have no business with the 3D printing technology except you’re searching for a 3D printer that’ll give you a different result. On that note, FDM is the commonly used technology on 3D printers.

Now, you may already know that, but I bet you didn’t realize that the FDM technology classifies 3D printers into two types; Delta 3D printer and Cartesian 3D printers. While the standard Delta 3D Printer vs. Cartesian difference is the movement of the printers, this article would dive deep into the other differentiating factors. Let’s get down to business.

About Delta 3D printers

A quick one! Delta 3D printers are not the usual, common FDM printers that exist as most 3D printers deploy the Cartesian style print head. But it’s a different ball game for Delta 3D printers. The print head in a Delta 3D printer moves differently. Rather than move in the X, Y, Z axis, three arms support the extruder in a Delta 3D printer. These arms are fastened to three moving carriage arms that are vertical and form a triangle. These arms move up and down in a vertical way.

How Does the Delta 3D printer Work?

Delta 3D printer works excitingly. After loading the design or the model you wish to print into the 3D printer, proceed to heat the printer’s hot end. Then, the extruder motor pulls the filament from the filament spool. It transports the filament to the extruder for printing. The extruder does its magic as it melts the filament to come out through the nozzle for printing. Then, the print head starts to move as it starts to design your object. The carriages are responsible for moving the print head in any direction to simplify the printing process of any object.

When Should You use the Delta 3D printer better?

The best time to use Delta 3D printers is to print out tall objects and objects that you need in a hurry. Since the print head on Delta printers is light-weighted, their print speed is faster than cartesian 3D printers. Also, Delta printers work well with most of the filaments but not so well with flexible filaments.

PROS

  • With the ability to run on 300mm/s, Delta 3D printers are high-speed and suitable for people who run 3D printing businesses.
  • It is ideal for printing tall designs or models.
  • The print quality is primarily excellent, depending on certain factors.

CONS

  • Although it is perfect for building tall objects, the base build space is small.
  • It might not be very good with flexible filament.

About Cartesian 3D printers

Cartesian 3D printers are the most common FDM printers in the 3D printing field. The Cartesian printers with the Cartesian Coordinate System run linearly on the X, Y, Z-axis. Unlike in Delta 3D printers, the print bed moves. On some Cartesian printers, you’d notice that the print bed tends to move towards the nozzle. Let’s dive deeper.

How does the Cartesian 3D printer work?

It works simply. Unlike the Delta printer, a Cartesian printer only moves the print linearly head back, front, up, and down while printing your object. This movement is classified as the Cartesian coordinate system. As the print head moves in these axes, it prints out your object. This Cartesian coordinate is essential as it helps the print head and bed know the exact direction to point the extruder for printing.

Where should you use the Cartesian 3D printer better?

Cartesian printers are pretty popular. Because they work with all filaments, although they operate faster than Delta printers, Cartesian printers have enough build space where they print out your objects.

PROS

  • It is easy to use
  • The width build space is massive enough to accommodate most objects, especially objects that aren’t too tall.
  • It is usually cheaper

CONS

  • The moving parts during printing are pretty heavy.
  • As a result of the heavy print head, it operates with reduced speed.

Delta 3d printer vs. Cartesian

There are quite a few features that differentiate these two 3D printer types from each other. Keep reading to find out.

Movement:

This feature is the first and noticeable difference between these two 3D printers. While the Cartesian 3D printer moves in the X, Y, Z coordinates, lifting the bed, print head, motor, etc., the Delta printer moves differently. The use of three vertical carriage arms moves the printer head across the print bed and motor that is fixed.

Speed:

Because the Cartesian Printer moves some of its parts during printing, it isn’t easy to double the rate that it works with. Sometimes, some Cartesian printers only print using 60-80mm/s speed. Some Cartesian printers can print at 100mm/s. However, a Delta printer moves faster than the Cartesian. The reason is, with a light print head, the print head can move and print more quickly. Hence, it’s not weird to find a Delta printer that prints at 300mm/s.

Position of the Motor:

On a Cartesian Printer, the motor is attached to the print head. It contributes to the weight that the print head has to carry during printing, making it slow. On the flip side, the motor on Delta printers is fixed and attached to the bottom of the printer. Because it is static, it gives the print head the freedom to move a lot faster.

Verdict

When it comes to 3D printing, deciding what you want to achieve is vital. The reason is, both Cartesian and Delta printers are very functional. Although they have their downsides, they execute your task flawlessly.

Now, it’s left to you to decide what you want to achieve. Do you want to print a tall object? Go for a Delta printer. However, if you’re new to using Delta printers, you’d need to reach out to a professional to help you set up. It comes in kits, and the set-up of the cartesian printer isn’t that easy.

The Cartesian printer, on the other hand, is slow. Nevertheless, it is user-friendly. It is also great for objects that aren’t too tall but require a lot of width space to print them out successfully. Thinking of which printer to get? Hopefully, this Delta 3D Printer vs. Cartesian difference would help you make up your mind.

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